Dear Ms Joscelin ,
What was the hierarchical
structure like from 1880-1960
and how did it favor or
marginalize different groups?
The First Group we
will look at are the Catholics
The Third Plenary Council of Baltimore, 1884 wanted to establish perish schools
near every church where
all Catholic parents should be bound to send their children to the parish school.
Why a Perish School and not just the common school?
principles of religion
necessary for good citizenship
religion is important in the forming of childhood & youth
"education, in order to foster civilization, must foster
religion. Now the three great educational agencies
are the home, the Church, and the school.-
Therefore, each of them, to do its part well, must
foster religion" (pg. 172).
The second group we will look at is
the Immigrant/ Jewish Experience
Immigrants needed to assimilate
follow Christian faith
go through initiation
"two pupils holding to his
opinion, but both submitting
to the common law"
The next people we will discuss are
first people's and Native American
Sent away from their families
cut their hair
completely in adequate schools, health services and living standards
"The outstanding deficiency is in the diet furnished the Indian children many of whom are below
normal health" (pg.180).
"major diseases of the Indians are tuberculosis and trachoma" (pg.180).
"They shut off the light and air from the inside rooms, which are still filled with beds beyond their
capacities. The toilet facilities-are-not properly maintained or conveniently located. The supply
for soap and towels has been inadequate" (pg. 181).
"Indian service has lacked the funds to-aid the children when they leave school either to find
employment away from the reservation or to return to their homes and work out their salvation
The fourth group we will talk about
are and is the Asian Experience in CA
1906 Chinese & Japanese students were segregated from whites
1921 separate schools for Orientals
1921 strict regulations on Japanese language schools
1913 alien land law of this state
1918 Americanization campaign
laws the prohibited asians from coming
into the U.S., owning land or renting land for
more then 3 years
The fifth group we will talk about is
about the Mexican American
Mexican American schooling was
not cared for
-Mexican schools usually lack the play facilities, cafeteria, and auditorium of the big school" (pg. 194).
-"Sterotyped thinking of prejudiced teachers often results in false generalizations about Spanish-speaking children" (pg.
-"we just let them slide through if they don't measure up. In the higher grade levels they are advised to take
woodwork, machine, and print shop, gardening, art, sewing or cosmetology" (pg. 187).
The last group we will talk about is
the Puerto Rican's
After WWII and since the U.S. war with Spain in 1989 Puerto Ricans began moving to NY in large numbers.
Oral and written communication
Citizenship and American
"schools arrange to have bilingual parents
unduly at regular times during the week" 200
"Be paced to meet the individual needs
of the child" 202
Had an entire list of teachers should not
In conclusion almost
every group that is not
male has in someway
been marginalized in
the educational system
in the U.S.