From a climatic point of view, the Peruvian
Rainforest has three well-defined regions: the jungle,
the high forest, and low jungle.
The jungle is characterized by a tropical climate with
an average annual temperature between 72°F and 7
9°F (22°C and 26°C), which makes it the wettest
region of Peru. The high forest has a tropical climate
with an average temperature of 88°F (31°C) and few
temperature variations throughout the year, making it
The low jungle has a warm and humid, with rainfall
no more than 3.000 mm.
An estimated 90% of Amazon rainforest plants used by Amazon natives
have not been studied by modern science. Today, the number is believed
to be of around 250,000 Amazon natives, comprising 215 ethnic groups
with 170 different languages. There may also be fifty or so Amazon tribes
living in the depths of the Amazon rainforest that have never had contact
with the outside world.
More than half of the world’s estimated ten million species of plants,
animals and insects live in the tropical forest. About 70% of plants found
to have anticancer properties are found only in the rainforest.
The number of edible fruits found in the rainforest is estimated in 3,000.
Amazon natives consume more than 1,500, but only 200 are cultivated
for use today.
The Amazon River Basin is the largest rainforest in the world. This
rainforest is located in the northeast section of Peru. More than 20% of
Earth’s oxygen is produced in this area, thus the name “Lungs of the Planet.”
With 2,5 million square miles, the Amazon rainforest represents 54% of the
total rainforests left on the planet.
Amazon rainforest birds account for at least one third of the world’s bird
species, with the toucan being the most popular icon.
More than half of Peru is covered by jungle and rainforests. In particular,
the Amazon Rainforest is the most famous in the world. In fact, Peru is a
member of the Amazonas, or a collection of four nations which the
Amazon River passes through.
Peru’s Rainforest contains thousands of indigenous plants and animals.
Some plants are yet to be discovered, and some are even used in modern
drugs to cure diseases.