Injustice in the Juvenile System: Created by Karina Martinez

Injustice in the Juvenile System: Created by Karina Martinez

Published on 27 April 2020

Watch for inspiration! This video is intended to inform viewers about the need for reform in the juvenile justice system in America.

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Karina Martinez [STUDENT]
Karina's Personal Gallery
Transcript
00:07
Injustice in the Criminal Justice System
00:11
Juveniles
00:13
Teens all over America are wrongfully convicted of crimes they did not commit, forced to take plea deals to be released or minimize their sentence.
00:19
"...guilty until proven innocent." - Kalief Browder
00:24
“Children and teenagers are categorically more suggestible, compliant, and vulnerable to outside pressures than adults...less likely to understand their legal rights;and less likely to understand what attorneys do or how attorneys can help them.“- The Center on Wrongful Convictions of Youth (CWCY)
00:24
Teens are wrongfully convicted of crimes they did not do, forced to take plea deals to be released or minimize their sentence, and some are guilty before proven innocent.
00:34
Blacks, hispanics, and impoverished teens are more subjected to being stereotyped into false convictions.
00:39
"False confessions are one of the leading causes of wrongful convictions, accounting for roughly 25% of all convictions that were later overturned based on DNA evidence."
00:39
http://www.law.northwestern.edu/legalclinic/wrongfulconvictionsyouth/understandproblem/
00:47
The Central Park Five
00:51
"On April 19, 1989, 28-year-old Trisha Meili was raped and attacked while jogging in N.Y.C.'s Central Park." Five male teens (14-16 years old) were brought into custody and interrogated by cops for an excessive amount of hours. They were, "...wrongfully convicted of the crime in a case that would eventually be known as the Central Park Five case."
00:54
https://www.newsweek.com/how-long-central-park-five-incarcerated-when-they-see-us-1443119
01:00
Antron McCray (15), Kevin Richardson (14)Yusef Salaam (15), Raymond Santana (14), Korey Wise (16)
01:00
https://www.newsweek.com/how-long-central-park-five-incarcerated-when-they-see-us-1443119
01:05
The following is a video via Youtube via a Netflix miniseries based off of The Central Park 5 case,When They See Us.
01:05
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HNOGQSkDDqo
01:07
Please press play.
02:09
https://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/ny-central-park-five-innocence-project-deceptive-interrogation-tactics-20191028-v4ldgigwknganjno7p6okng2oa-story.html
02:09
"Since 1989, more than 2,425 wrongfully convicted people, who collectively spent more than 21,000 years behind bars, have been freed, according to the National Registry of Exonerations." 
02:15
Certain people oppose calls for reform within in the juvenile justice system
02:18
They believe that the systemto prosecute morejuveniles in adult courts is needed to punish the youth enough to regulate teen crime rates...
02:22
as they did in the 80s.
02:23
"In only two states—New York and North Carolina—age 15 is considered the upper age of majority for juvenile court."
02:23
https://www.americanbar.org/groups/litigation/committees/childrens-rights/articles/2016/should-juveniles-be-charged-as-adults/
02:26
"In these states, if a juvenile is age 16 or 17...the case is originated and tried in adult criminal court.”
02:30
“Reforms need to occur just as swiftly as the reforms to prosecute more juveniles in adult court began,....Juveniles should be treated as juveniles in the court justice system, with a focus on rehabilitating rather than simply punishing." 
02:35
- Nicole Scialabba,        attorney at Legal Services of        Central New York 
02:36
02:37
http://www.americanbar.org/groups/litigation/committees/childrens-rights/articles/2016/should-juveniles-be-charged-as-adults/
02:38
Success will be achieved when the courts decide that juveniles should be tried as juveniles. 
02:42
A federal law must bepassed that requires a guardian and/or attorney to be present with a juvenile when interrogated or interviewed by officials.
02:45
ALL interviews, interrogations and ANY contact between juveniles and officials must be on record to avoid coerced statements.
02:49
Let's call for reform in the juvenile criminal justice system... for our youth and the future youth of America!Let's not practice and repeat historical injustice. 
02:55
Works Cited
02:55
Joyner, Alfred. “Here's How Long the Central Park Five from ‘When They See Us’ Spent in      Prison.” Newsweek, 10 June 2019,      www.newsweek.com/how-long-central-park-five-incarcerated-when-they-see-us-1443119.“Read ‘Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice’ at NAP.edu.” National Academies Press: OpenBook,      www.nap.edu/read/9747/chapter/7#155.“Should Juveniles Be Charged as Adults in the Criminal Justice System?” American Bar      Association,      www.americanbar.org/groups/litigation/committees/childrens-rights/articles/2016/should-     juveniles-be-charged-as-adults/. Slattery, Denis. “Members of Central Park 5 Advocating for Law Limiting Deceptive      Interrogation Tactics and Other Sweeping Criminal Justice Reforms.” Nydailynews.com,      New York Daily News, 28 Oct. 2019, www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/ny-central-park-     five-innocence-project-deceptive-interrogation-tactics-20191028-v4ldgigwknganjno7p6okn     g2oa-story.html.“Understand the Problem.” Northwestern Pritzker Law, www.law.northwestern.edu/legalclinic/     wrongfulconvictionsyouth/understandproblem/.