Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow Laws

Published on 13 November 2020
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Transcript
00:00
Jim Crow Laws
00:00
Natalie Vazquez-Molina
00:03
Black Codes:
00:06
These codes were made so that white people could get cheap labor since slavery was abolished. These codes soon became called Jim Crow Laws and it was a derogatory term for blacks. Legislators segregated everything and Oklahoma became the first state to even segregate phone booths. (They segregated schools to residential areas to public parks to theaters to pools to cemeteries, asylums, jails and residential homes, there were separate waiting rooms for whites and blacks in professional offices.)
00:24
It was a time during the 1917 through the 1970 and the African American community decided to move out of the south and to go towards the north. Even in the north, they had signs all over that said “Whites Only.” Things were also segregated up in the north as well. Activists say that whites would be aggressive towards black people when they would try to move into white communities.
00:24
Segregation during the Great Migration
00:39
KKK (Ku Klux Klan)
00:40
During the reconstruction era, Andrew Johnson was the president of the United States and wanted the African Americans to move forward in the community. Some whites didn’t like this, so they reeked of habit on the blacks. Much violence was on the rise and the black communities were in the line of fire, they were the targets. Much of the black community was destroyed because of this violence. The most ruthless organization of the Jim Crow era, the Ku Klux Klan, was born in 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee, as a private club for Confederate veterans. This group went on to terrorizing the black community and seeping through white culture.
00:59
Important People
01:05
Rosa Parks
01:05
She was famous for the bus boycott, but what is boycotting?
01:25
Ida B. Wells
01:27
She was also an activist who also did a boycott but her boycott was on the train but you may be asking, what else did she do? Well she also was a journalist who wrote about the problems of black people and women's rights who was also soon kicked out and moved towards the north.
01:54
How did Jim Crow Laws end?