1. The Food Sheath:
The Physical body, the outermost part of our personality,
beyond which we do not exist, is called the food sheath.
It is called so because it started from the essence of the
food assimilated by the father, then nourished, in the womb
by the food taken by the mother. It continues to exist by
consuming food, and after death, it ultimately, goes back to
the earth, to fertilize it and become food again. So it is called the
The food sheath consists of ten organs. They are,
Five sense organs of perceptions, called the " jnana "
indriyas and five organs of action called the " karma " indriyas.
The five sense organs are the eyes, the ears, the nose, the
tongue and the skin. The organs of action are speech, hands,
feet, the genital organ and the anus, the organ of
2. The Vital Air Sheath.
The air we breathe supports the activities of the body. They are
the five physiological systems. This sheath comprises of five pranas.
(i) Prana - The faculty of Perception. This faculy controls the
perceptions of the five fold stimuli received through the sense
organs from the world of objects.
(ii) Apana - The faculty of excretion. All things thrown out or rejected
by the body, such as, seeds, sputum, perspiration, urine, faces etc
are expressions of Apana.
(iii) Samana - the faculty of Digestion. It digests all food taken
in the stomach.
(iv) Vyana - The faculty of Circulation. By this power, the effect
of food digested, is sent to the different parts of the body by
the blood stream.
(v) Udana - The faculty of Thinking. This faculty raises the
capacity, to higher levels of thinking and understanding for
A. The five faculties weaken
slowly with age.
B. The Vital air sheath controls
and regulates the food sheath.
C. The physical body is affected
when the pranas do not
more in the next video Kindle Life 23.5 Fundamentals of Vedanta..