utterly dependent upon adult caregivers
for everything they need to survive
including food, love, warmth, safety,
STAGE 1: TRUST VS MISTRUST
During the first stage of psychosocial
development, children develop a sense
of trust when caregivers provide
reliability, care, and affection. A lack
of this will lead to mistrust
At this point in development,
are just starting to gain a little
Stage 2: Autonomy vs.
Shame and Doubt
children who successfully
complete this stage feel
secure and confident, while those
who do not are left with a
sense of inadequacy and self-doubt.
children begin to assert their
power and control over the world
through directing play and other
Stage 3: Initiative vs. Guilt
Children need to cope with new
social and academic demands.
Success leads to a sense of
competence, while failure results in
feelings of inferiority.
Stage 4: Industry vs. Inferiority
leads to the strength known as
competence, in which children
develop a belief in their abilities
to handle the tasks set before
Stage 5: Identity vs. Confusion
The fifth psychosocial stage takes place
during the often turbulent teenage years.
This stage plays an essential role in
developing a sense of personal identity
which will continue to influence behavior
and development for the rest of a person's life.
Our personal identity gives
each of us an integrated
and cohesive sense of self
that endures through our lives.
Our sense of personal identity
is shaped by our experiences
and interactions with others,
and it is this identity that
helps guide our actions, beliefs,
and behaviors as we age.
Stage 6: Intimacy
This stage covers the
period of early
adulthood when people are
Those who feel proud of their
accomplishments will feel a sense
of integrity. Successfully
completing this phase means
looking back with few regrets
and a general feeling of
individuals will attain wisdom,
even when confronting death.