a method in which figures are manipulated to appear
as moving images
Who created the first animation?
The French artist Émile Cohl created the first animated film using what
came to be known as traditional animation methods: the 1908 Fantasmagorie.
The film largely consisted of a stick figure moving about and encountering
all manner of morphing objects, such as a wine bottle that transforms into a
After a number of pioneers began creating animated shorts in the early
20th century (like 1914’s Gertie the Dinosaur),
the very first feature-length animation was created using traditional methods
entitled El Apóstol.
Released in 1917 to a South American theatre audience, the 70-minute long movie – running at an impressive
14 frames per second – also holds the distinction of being the first commercially profitable animated movie ever made.
According to those who saw it, the political satire was exceedingly good. Those who didn’t catch it the first
time round will never have the chance to find out, however, since the only copy of the film was destroyed in a house fire.
Georges Méliès accidentally invented the technique of shooting “stop-motion”. The point of this
technique is that Méliès shot the scene then changed the next scene and shot again and etc. Then after quick-
changing frames appeared the animation effect.
Animated studios of the 60th-70th whose used computer technology were opened by
scientists from universities and artists. First, researching/discoveries of computer graphics were in
1963 based on Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) when Ivan Edward Sutherland invented
Sketchpad, an innovative program that influenced alternative forms of interaction with computers
Today's progress in models of light and texture makes it possible to design more
realistic people. At the end of the 20th century appeared
new animation technology - motion capture. Motion capture objects some
technical measuring equipment.
The method of motion capture used in production CGI cartoons, and for
creating special effects in films. It’s popular in video games production. Using this
method in 2004 were created cartoons “Polar Express”
(model - Tom Hanks), “Final Fantasy”, “The Lord of the Rings” model
- (Andy Serkis). In 2006 - 2011
using this technology were created “Renaissance”, “Beowulf”,
“Christmas Carol”, “Avatar” and ”Harry Potter”.
The very first animated short called Kansas City's Spring Clean-up was created in 1921 as a demo reel and is a two-
second clip of an early Mickey Mouse. Other classic short animations include Mickey's Good Deed
(1932) and The Night Before Christmas (1933)
December 21st, 1937: Walt Disney Animation Studios released its first fully animated feature film, Snow White
and the Seven Dwarfs, pioneering a new form of family entertainment.