The InFinitive of Purpose
and Comparisons as...as.
The inFinitive of purpose
We use the infinitive of a verb (to + base form of a verb) to
talk about the purpose or objective of doing something.
She called me to invite me to a party.
Me llamó para invitarme a una fiesta
I went out to send a letter. Salí para enviar una carta.
I entered the conservatory to learn music.
Yo entré al conservatorio para aprender música.
The infinitive of purpose answers a WHY
Other ways to express a purpose.
In order to
(para, a fin de que)
It's possible to use it
as a synonym.
We shouted in order to get help.
I'm traveling to Cuenca in order to visit my family.
Is used to express a purpose before a noun phrase or gerund phrase.
She saved for a house.
I bought cake for all the children.
Very important: Do not use "for" before an infinitive of purpose.
I´m going to Spain to visit Madrid.
I'm going to Spain for to visit Madrid.
Comparasions with as .... as (tan .... como)
It's used with both adjectives and adverbs. Indicate how two things are
My cousins are as funny as my aunts.
Mis primos son tan divertidos como mis tíos.
Use the adverb "just" for emphasis.
Use the adverb "almost" in affirmative statements to indicate that
two things are too similar but not exactly the same.
Samsung is just as good as Huawei.
Samsung es tan bueno como Huawei.
Netlife's internet is almost as fast as that Movistar.
El internet de Netlife es casi tan rápido como el de Movistar.
To express difference
Use not as .... as to indicate how things are differents.
Use not quite when the difference is very similar.
Use not nearly to indicate that there's a big difference.
Doppio cell phones aren't as sold as Samsung.
Los teléfonos móviles Doppio no se venden tanto como los Samsung.
The image isn't quite as tall as the slide.
La imagen no es tan alta como la diapositiva.
Shanghai isn't nearly as important as Chevrolet.
Shanghai no es tan importante como Chevrolet.
Comparatives and superlatives with adjectives and adverbs
Use comparatives to show how two things are not equal.
Use superlatives to show how one thing is different from
two or more other things.
Comparatives with adjectives
Today is colder than yesterday.
This sweater is more comfortable than your.
Lenovo and Dell laptops are good. But Hp is the best.
Chevrolet cars are the most popular on the market.
Superlatives with adjectives.
Comparatives with adverbs
Superlatives with adverbs.
Doppio mobile phones work slowly than other brands.
Of all the blenders, Oster mixes quickly.
The pen writes better than the pencil.
Chrome navigates faster than Edge.