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Published on 12 April 2021
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All organ systems require a balance of cell division and apoptosis during development, growth, and repair to maintain tissue structure and function.
Vince Regil Gravanza 12-St. Patrick
The endocrine and immune systems are important regulators for cell populations.
The endocrine system delivers steroids and growth hormones that send survival signals to specific tissues so that apoptosis is prevented.
Additionally, the endocrine system delivers some hormones that work to induce apoptosis under some physiological conditions.
The endocrine functions of the pancreas and liver coordinate efforts to maintain normal blood glucose levels.
When pancreatic cells detect low blood glucose levels
the pancreas synthesizes and secretes the hormone glucagon.
Glucagon causes the liver to convert the polymerized sugar glycogen into glucose through a process known as glycogenolysis.
If pancreatic cells detect high blood glucose levels, the pancreas synthesizes and releases the hormone insulin.
Insulin causes polymerization of glucose into glycogen, which is then stored in the liver through a process known as glycogenesis.