Project 1

Project 1

Published on 9 June 2022
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Transcript
00:00
Thomas Jefferson Democrat Republican
00:04
The Democratic-Republican Party is also referred to as the Jeffersonian Republican Party. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison founded it in the early 1790s. Much of this party was influenced by the French Revolution’s ideals. It also favored a strict interpretation of the Constitution. The powers of the federal government were feared and therefore restricted giving the states more rights (stronger state governments). This was due to having just overthrown the King of England.
00:19
Jefferson also opposed national banks because he was worried it would cause financial monopolies. National banks favored financiers and rich merchants, but he wanted to support people who were more at risk of debt such as plantation owners and self/family farmers. He thought the U.S. economy was based on agriculture and should be treated as the agricultural provider for the world. Families were expected to own farms as well. It is often referred to agrarianism (owning land enabled independence and improved the economic status of the farmer).
00:31
In addition, Jefferson wrote the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions which would lead to the nullification of unconstitutional laws. Unfortunately, it didn’t have success. Some of Jefferson’s goals were to repeal taxes, reduce military expenditures, solve public debt, etc. He wanted the country to be simpler with less government control. Another thing he did was buy Louisiana from France for $11.25 million and supported the Westward Expansion.
00:43
Washington chose both Hamilton and Jefferson as advisors. Hamilton believed the federal government should hold power and Jefferson believed the states should have power. Washington wanted a balance so he chose them both. He believed it could unify them. He wanted people who were inclined to measure matters by a Continental scale. He chose Jefferson as Secretary of State and Hamilton as Secretary of Treasury to secure neutrality. Hamilton helped Washington by writing speeches, putting down a rebellion and serving as his advisor. During the Revolutionary War, he helped to aid Washington. On the other hand, Jefferson and Washington had a lot in common such as the importance of agriculture. He also helped the Second Continental Congress to be established.
01:00
Washington disagreed with having political parties. He warned people that political parties could cause great separation and disagreements. In his farewell address he mentioned how he was worried about that happening. He claimed that political parties were the countries ‘worst enemies’. It was unethical to Americans values and goals. The lack of leadership from the split could tear the country and cause foreign affairs and divisions of the parties.
01:16
Political Parties helped to form our nation today. They provided a layout of how it would look. Also the constitution and basic rights were formed then. Today, we can also look back at the past parties and fix mistakes made then so today our government is even stronger and beneficial.
01:29
The original parties contributed to the establishment of the parties today. It also provided Americans with freedom such as being able to vote. It relates to the modern day Democratic Party. Both parties believed in personal liberties and progression. Both parties care about the working or poor class as well as equality. In addition, the Democratic Republicans believed the states should have more power than the government which is similar today.
01:42
Political parties create division in the nation. Although people have the freedom to elect what they want, many people are firm in their beliefs and strongly oppose the other side. Today, it doesn’t seem like the sides even take time to try and understand the point of view of the other. Also many political leaders cheat, lie, manipulate, etc to win which increases the divide. In our nation today, extreme liberalism and conservatism is prominent. The gap has become so large, it would be hard to maintain a stable and peaceful environment.