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Published on 9 November 2022
Jackson's Personal Gallery
October 4, 1957
A rocket was launched into space with the means to make history.
This was the first rocket that wasn't designed for war but space
Russian scientists discovered that they could take a rocket designed by Nazi Germany and send it to space.
This rocket was a 1 RD-108 that was derived from an Intercontinental ballistic missile
And was 98.4 ft tall, 9.8 ft in diameter and weighed 589,000 lbs
The sputnik 1 was a 58.0 cm-diameter aluminum sphere that carried four whip-like antennas that were 2.4-2.9 m long
This rocket carried the sputnik 1, the first satellite to be sent to space.
The sputnik 1 received data relating to the density of the upper layers of the atmosphere and the propagation of radio signals in the ionosphere
The ionosphere is the layer of the earth's atmosphere that contains a high concentration of ions and free electrons and is able to reflect radio waves
How does the sputnik work?
instruments and electric power sources were housed in a sealed capsule and included transmitters operated at 20.005 and 40.002 MHz.
These transmitters emitted every .3 seconds making a beeping sound that scanned data for the telemetry measuring temperature
Even though this was something small that just measured temperature and the ionosphere, it still affected major world events
At the time the united states and the ussr were in a cold war
They were on the edge of nuclear war and both countries were suspicious about the other
Once the U.S. got word of this satellite that "Spied" on people in the U.S. it sparked the Space Race
The Space Race united the country and the goal was to beat the USSR in getting to the moon
The sputnik 1 soon led to the sputnik 2, which was an attempt to send Laika, a dog, to space
All future advancements that attempted to travel in space, sparked from the sputnik 1, which united the U.S. and advanced us to the moon
The spark for greatness