Chevron U.S.A. Inc v. Natural Resources Defense Council Inc.
What is the Chevron case?
Act of 1977
The Clean Air Act codified as 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.,
seeks to protect human health and the environment
from emissions that pollute ambient, or outdoor, air.
It requires EPA to establish minimum national
standards for air quality and assigns primary responsibility
to the states to assure
compliance with the standards. Areas not meeting the standards, referred
to a nonattainment areas,” are required to implement specified air pollution
control measures. The act establishes federal standards for mobile sources
of air pollution and their fuels and for sources of 187 hazardous air pollutants,
and it establishes a cap-and-trade program for the emissions
that cause acid raint..
It establishes a comprehensive permit
system for all major sources of air pollution.
It also addresses the prevention of pollution in
areas with clean air and protection of the
stratospheric ozone layer.
An existing plant can install or modify one piece of
equipment without meeting permit conditions
Does the Clean Air Act permit the EPA
to define the term "stationary source" to
mean whole industrial plants only, which allows
plants to build or modify units within plants without
the permit required under the Act?
the doctrine of judicial deference given to administrative
actions as long as they are not unreasonable and Congress had
not spoken directly to the precise issue in question.