Ethiopia is a country in Africa that is lacking the resources to provide sanitized water to Ethiopians, resulting in health defects. The majority of the solutions to help the “water crisis” in Ethiopia are nonprofit charities.
How does the lack of water resources affect the health of Ethiopians?
According to water.org The power of water in Ethiopia, a non-profit organization working to bring water and sanitation to the world, and have changed 51 million lives, with a 96% charity rating
“Most surface water sources such as springs and ponds dry up. The remaining water sources are heavily contaminated by environmental waste, such as human and animal excreta, which is washed in when it rains. Then, the abundance of stagnant water serves as a breeding place for mosquitoes” (“The power of water in Ethiopia”).
Droughts, cause groundwater to dry up, and that results in dug wells drying up as well. Heat is not so good for water quality either, which causes algae to grow excessively reducing the quality of water.
The majority of there water Ethiopians use, comes from groundwater
According to The Water Project, Water in Crisis, a non-profit organization since 2006, “Ethiopia is located in Africa's Horn where drought... leading causes of water shortage”(“Water In Crisis”).
Many non-profit organizations are funded to help improve the water reasources.
“Our in-country teams build water wells, sand dams, spring protections, and other water solutions. Then, we make sure they keep working through regular follow-up and maintenance” (“The Water Project”).
Droughts affect dams and more. Plant a variety of plants (helps stabilize soil, while terracing hillsides helps slow rushing rainwater, allowing it to seep into the ground and recharge the local groundwater supply).
Plant a variety of plants that are native to the biome.
The increase of plants can help increase rainfall by releasing moisture from the soil and plants into the air then the precipitation cycle increases, which then in turn helps reduce droughts because it increases rainfall.
This solution will improve the issue by increasing precipitation, and decreasing droughts, which will help with the quality of the water, and the amount of groundwater which then leads to the amount of Ethiopians health increasing. The majority of the water Ethiopians use is groundwater, so increasing groundwater and decreasing droughts helps them have more water. With more water, fewer Ethiopians reap the effects of scarce water.