Social Injustice Final Project

Social Injustice Final Project

Published on 13 July 2021
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Transcript
00:00
The Gender Pay Gap
00:00
Dominic Aliberti
00:05
What is the issue and who does it affect?
00:07
There is a difference in earnings between women and men. The gender pay gap impacts women as they do not get paid the same amount as men in their same profession. It exists in many countries across the world, and the U.S. is a leading perpetrator of it.
00:17
The Center for American Progress states that, according to the 2018 Census Bureau, “...women of all races earned, on average, just 82 cents for every $1 earned by men of all races” (Bleiweis). The American Association of University Women also notes that women “...receive less in Social Security and pensions” (aauw.org).
00:29
Why is it an issue? Why should I care?
00:30
This is a denial of justice for women, for they are paid less due to gender discrimination and the belief that men are superior to women. You should care about it because it may affect you right now or in the future.
00:41
Where does this issue originate?
00:42
The origin of the gender pay gap is the belief that women are inferior to men. This belief has existed for thousands of years, but it only exists in the modern world because the significant difference in wages only exists in modern society. The issue is additionally not that men believe that they are dominant, but rather that they deliberately pay women less due to the difference in gender.
00:57
What brought it to public attention?
00:58
The injustice of women receiving less than men in wages is acknowledged by women who are directly affected by the issue. By now, the wage gap is commonly known in today’s society due to its prevalence and impact; the public recognizes the issue, but not everyone feels the need to combat it. However, there are many programs, institutions, and organizations dedicated to fighting  it.
01:14
Who has helped move this issue forward?
01:16
Various women in history and today have helped fight the gender pay gap. These include women in congress, activists, and even celebrities who have brought attention to the problem and fought for equal pay. There are also organizations, such as the American Association of University Women, or AAUW, and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, or IWPR, that are currently doing the exact same thing.
01:32
What has happened to move it forward?
01:33
The Equal Pay Act was enacted several decades ago in an attempt to secure equal paychecks for men and women. However, it seems to have been rendered near useless in comparison to the statistics of the wage gap today. Organizations that fight for equal pay are currently putting forth their best efforts to do what this act should have done.
01:49
What obstacles stand in the way and who opposes this issue?
01:52
The obvious obstacle that stands in the way is the men in power who are doing all they can to oppose equal pay for women with full intention and knowledge of their actions. These men are also present in the Government as leading officials who will likely oppose any act or regulation that would assist women in earning equal pay.
02:07
One example of opposition is how the Paycheck Fairness Act, which would facilitate the fight against wage discrimination, has not yet been enacted by Congress (nwlc.org). There is debate over whether this act should be passed from men and women alike in Congress.
02:19
What does success look like and how will it be achieved?
02:20
Success for this particular issue looks simply like women earning the exact same wage amounts as men who are in the same field. To put it more simply, success appears as equality for women. Equality will be achieved by continuing to fight the oppressors of equal pay for women and ensuring that one day this will come to be.
02:35
When will success be achieved? What is the likelihood of it?
02:37
Sadly, the Institute for Women’s Policy Research predicts that equality will not be guaranteed until the year 2059 (iwpr.org). The AAUW predicts that black women will not achieve equity until the year 2369, and hispanic women will not until the year 2451 (aauw.org). Still, progress is being made to combat this issue, and it will not cease until equality is achieved. This makes the likelihood of success almost certain.
02:54
To help fight this issue, you can inform others about it to help spread awareness and advocate for equal pay. You can also donate to programs dedicated to fighting the wage gap to assist them in achieving their aims. With the amount of people affected by this issue and the amount of people fighting it, it seems that success is able to be achieved in the future.
02:54
Bleiweis, Robin. “Quick Facts About the Gender Wage Gap.” americanprogress.org, 24 March 2020, https://www.american progress.org/issues/women/reports/2020/03/24/482141/quick-facts -gender-wage-gap/. Accessed 12 July 2021. American Association of University Women. “The Simple Truth About the Gender Pay Gap.” aauw.org, 2020, https://www.aauw.org/ resources/research/simple-truth/. Accessed 12 July 2021. Cranley, Ellen. “12 surprising women from history who paved the road to equal pay.” businessinsider.com, 2 April 2020, https://www. businessinsider.com/women-who-paved-the-way-to-equal-pay- 2019-3. Accessed 12 July 2021. National Women's Law Center. “Equal Pay & the Wage Gap.” nwlc. org, https://nwlc.org/issue/equal-pay-and-the-wage-gap/. Accessed 12 July 2021. Institute for Women's Policy Research. “About Us.” iwpr.org, 2020, https://iwpr.org/about/#History. Accessed 12 July 2021.