Social Justice Project

Social Justice Project

Published on 8 July 2022
Transcript
00:01
Hunger and Malnutrition in Africa
00:02
By: Jonathan Hwang
00:02
July 7, 2022
00:07
Introduction
00:09
About one-fifth of Africans go hungry and almost all of them are malnourished ("Hunger in Africa").
00:13
44 million more people have gone hungry in Central and Western African mainly due to armed conflict ("Hunger in Africa").
00:19
This leads to a staggering amount of starvation deaths in Africa.
00:25
History
00:26
Famine
00:27
The Biafran Famine was the first time the issue of starving people in Africa was brought to the attention of Western media. It was the result of a military genocide in which starvation was used as a weapon (Oxfam Novib et al.).
00:37
Drought
00:38
Droughts are also a historical cause for hunger and starvation in Africa. Events such as the Sahel Drought and the El Nino Drought caused the starvation of a million people and food insecurity for more than 50 million people, respectively (“Hunger in Africa”).
00:50
Progress
00:52
Organizations
00:53
Proposed by George McGovern, director of the Food for Peace Programme, the World Food Programme has been the main organization tackling world hunger. With advancements in technology, transportation, and food preservation and a much larger budget, the WFP has sent millions of tons of food to Africa and other countries (WFP).
01:07
Challenges
01:08
Recent challenges have come in the way of ending hunger in Africa, mainly, Covid-19. Many organizations and operations were shut down and hunger in Africa spiked.
01:18
Future
01:20
Zero Hunger
01:21
1- Success would be considered zero hunger in Africa
01:23
2- Through the 2030 Development Agenda, the WFP plans to end world hunger by 2030.
01:27
3- However, at the current pace, hunger in Africa may actually increase rather than be eliminated (WFP)
01:34
Conclusion
01:35
Millions of African people go hungry and suffer from malnourishment
01:39
If you wish to end hunger in Africa then consider donating to the many organizations here to help.
01:50
Thank You for watching!
01:53
“Hunger in Africa.” Compassion International, www.compassion.com/poverty/hunger-in- africa.htm#:~:text=A%20History%20of%20Hunger%20and%20 Famine%20in%20Africa,be%20publicized%20by%20mass%20me dia%20in%20Western%20countries. Accessed 7 July 2022.
01:54
Oxfam Novib et al. “Disasters & Conflicts: Biafra. Famine, 1967-1970.” Humanity House, 8 Feb. 2017, humanityhouse.org/en/rampen-en-conflicten-biafra- hongersnood-1967-1970/. Accessed 7 July 2022.
01:56
World Food Programme. “History: World Food Programme.” UN World Food Programme, www.wfp.org/history. Accessed 7 July 2022.