What is Sovereignty?

What is Sovereignty?

Published on 29 November 2022
JJ
Transcript
00:00
What is sovereignty?
00:02
Sovereignty is simply, the right of a group of people to be self-governing.?
00:02
Sovereignty
00:03
What is it?
00:08
In civic education today, we tend to discuss two types of sovereignty.
00:09
Types of Sovereignty
00:12
Absolute Sovereignty
00:12
Absolute sovereignty is a term we reserve for entities we usually call “nations” - for example, nations like The United States.
00:19
Absolute sovereigns function independently of other nations and are responsible only to themselves.
00:26
Divided Sovereignty
00:26
Another type of sovereignty is divided sovereignty.
00:30
Divided sovereigns have aspects of self-governance, but are still responsible to a larger sovereign.
00:35
Wisconsin, like the other states, is a divided sovereign with its own civil structure, but it is still subject to the laws of the federal government.
00:43
So where does this put the American Indian tribes in our nation and state?
00:47
American Indian tribes have been living here in Wisconsin for centuries well before the first European settlers.?
00:49
Menominee
00:50
Chippewa
00:52
Ho-Chunk
00:53
Potawatomi
00:54
Each tribe has its own cultural beliefs, stories, civil structure, and social practices.
00:55
Oneida
00:56
Mohican
00:60
For much of their history, American Indian tribes functioned as absolute sovereigns - with the power to enforce their own laws, declare war, and make treaties with other nations.
01:06
WAR
01:10
However, after the American Revolution, the sovereign status of American Indian tribes was less clear and there were several clashes between the states and local tribes.
01:15
States
01:17
American Indian Groups
01:20
Eventually, the Supreme Court stepped in to rule that American Indian tribes were “domestic dependent nations” under the guardianship of the federal government.
01:20
U.S. Federal Government
01:25
Domestic Dependent Nations
01:30
This unique form of sovereignty guaranteed that American Indian tribes are sovereign nations independent of the states.
01:37
Tribes can form their own government and run their own reservations as they see fit.
01:41
However, they are “domestically dependent” meaning they cannot form agreements or treaties with any other nations.
01:48
They are under the guardianship of the federal government and must negotiate with congress for their interests.
01:55
Summary: American Indian groups are "domestic dependent nations" They govern themselves much like the states do They answer to the federal government
02:01
.
02:05
Tribes can form their own government and run their own reservations as they see fit.
02:13
However, they are “domestically dependent” meaning they cannot form agreements or treaties with any other nations.
02:21
They are under the guardianship of the federal government and must negotiate with congress for their interests.
02:30
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