Whiteboard Black & White [Copy]

Whiteboard Black & White [Copy]

Published on 9 June 2022
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Transcript
00:00
Political Parties
00:01
Molly Ryan
00:04
Democrat/Republicans
00:06
Thomas Jefferson
00:11
Thomas Jefferson was a part of the Democratic Republican Party. He was an American Founding Father, an author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third president of America (1801-1809). The Democratic Republican Party was one of the first two main political parties in US history. Jefferson and his friends were dissatisfied with the government, so they created this party. This party feared a strong national government and believed the Constitution was a strict document and limited federal powers.
00:13
00:19
The Democratic and Republican party sought to ensure keeping the economy based on agriculture and the US should serve as the agricultural provider for other countries. They sought to produce a surplus to sell the excess crops overseas and use the money to buy Europeans manufactured goods. The Democratic and Republican party also wanted all American families to own their own farm. Jefferson presumed the working class could put aside their own gain for the public good if they owned property, which would feed and house their families.
00:21
Washington thought political parties were dangerous. The dislike between each party and their ideas created tension/hardships. Washington saw the potential for danger in the nation. In modern days, the Democrat party decreased spending on military issues, social and human ideas: based on community/social responsibility, born out of antifederalist ideas, progressive stance on taxes: high income earners should be taxed higher, and supported universal healthcare; it is also blue. The Republican party believed taxes shouldn’t be increased for anyone, decreased spending on military issues, favored a flat tax (same tax rate no matter income), healthcare policy: private companies provided healthcare services more efficiently, against undocumented immigrants; color red. The modern parties both have different social and economic views like the original parties. They helped create our nation and provide different ideas.
00:38
Political parties create more tension and divide our nation more than it is. The difference in political parties is getting out of hand and creating tenseness between our communities just as Washington feared. First, the death of George Floyd on May 25, 2020 in Minneapolis MN caused worldwide civil rights protests; some against police brutality, police racism. This created the saying BLM or black lives matter supported by mostly Democrats. Republicans support all lives matter, so the dispute between the two has been an ongoing issue ever since. Secondly, there have been many divisions on whether abortion should be legal in the United States. Most Democrats say abortion should be legal, however most Republicans are in favor of making abortion illegal. Americans ideas about women’s bodies, reproduction, and feminist politics have changed and now became a debate between the political parties. Lastly, gun violence is currently another ongoing issue between political parties. Democrats are in favor of more gun restrictions regardless of where one lives and Republicans believe government regulation of firearms is unconstitutional. These current issues created a barrier among Americans causing violence and hatred towards one another.
00:48
With Jefferson secretary of state and Hamilton secretary of treasury, Washington chose them to be his advisors because of their differences in opinions. He made his first appointments based on rational process and looked for American values him and the other Founding Fathers created. He felt as though his “team” would harmonize well together. Hamilton believed that the federal government should hold power in order to steer the country. Meanwhile Jefferson placed his trust in the people (Democratic). Hamilton's economic plan was to create a national bank and maintain public credit; enacting protective tariffs to encourage American manufacturing. These measures strengthened the federal government. Jefferson opposed those reforms and feared the bank would represent too much power from English influence. Jefferson argued the Constitution didn’t give enough power to congress to establish this bank. Although Hamilton and Jefferson had complete opposite views, it balanced out Washington's ideas.